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  Picture: Ashlee Rezin / Sun-Times

  Illustration: Chad Crowe

  Painting: Philipp Von Fultz

The Demos and Democracy

Addor, Felipe. “Reflections on Local Participatory Democracy in Latin America.” Revista de

Administração Pública 52, no. 6 (2018): 1108–24.

Agamben, Giorgio, Alain Badiou, Daniel Bensaid, Wendy Brown, Jean-Luc Nancy, Jacques

Ranciere, Kristin Ross, and Slavoj Žižek. Democracy, in What State? Translated by William McCuaig. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.

Agamben, Giorgio. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Translated by Daniel Heller-Roazen.

Stanford University Press, 1998.

Aristide, Jean-Bertrand. Eyes of the Heart: Seeking a Path for the Poor in the Age of Globalization.

Edited by Laura Flynn. Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press, 2000.

Auyero, Javie, and Débora Alejandra. Swistun. Flammable: Environmental Suffering in an Argentine

Shantytown. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Brown, Wendy. In the Ruins of Neoliberalism: the Rise of Antidemocratic Politics in the West. New York:

Columbia University Press, 2019.

Brown, Wendy. Undoing the Demos: Neoliberalism's Stealth Revolution. New York: Zone Books, 2017.

Chase, Michelle. Revolution within the Revolution: Women and Gender Politics in Cuba, 1952-1962.

Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2015.

Chomsky, Noam. Deterring Democracy. NY: Verso Press, 1991. 


Coffman, Katherine Baldiga. 2015. “Representative Democracy and the Implementation of Majority-

Preferred Alternatives.” Social Choice and Welfare 46 (3) (September 17): 477–494. doi:10.1007/ s00355-015-0922-3.

Combs, Barbara Harris. “Black (and Brown) Bodies Out of Place: Towards a Theoretical Understanding

of Systematic Voter Suppression in the United States.” Critical Sociology 42, no. 4-5 (2015): 535–49.

Cronin, Thomas E. Direct Democracy. Harvard University Press, 2014.

Daniels, Gilda R. Uncounted: the Crisis of Voter Suppression in America. New York: New York University

Press, 2020.

Du Bois, W.E.B. “Of the Ruling of Men.” Essay. In Darkwater: Voices from Within the Veil, 78–93. New

York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1920.

Grandin, Greg. Empire's Workshop: Latin America, the United States, and the Rise of the New

Imperialism. New York: Metropolitan Books/Henry Holt and Company, 2010.

Grandin, Greg. The End of the Myth: from the Frontier to the Border Wall in the Mind of America. New

York: Metropolitan Books, Henry Holt and Company, 2020.

Levitsky, Steven, and Lucan Way. “The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism.” Journal of Democracy 13,

no. 2 (2002): 51–65.

Mouffe, Chantal. “Democracy, Human Rights and Cosmopolitanism: an Agonistic Approach.” Essay. In

The Meanings of Rights: The Philosophy and Social Theory of Human Rights, edited by Conor Gearty and Costas Douzinas, 181–92. Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Paley, Julia, ed. Democracy: Anthropological Approaches. Santa Fe: School for Advanced Research

Press, 2008.

Raaflaub, Kurt A. “Stick and Glue: the Function of Tyranny in Fifth Century Athenian Democracy.”

In Popular Tyranny: Sovereignty and Its Discontents in Ancient Greece, edited by Kathryn A. Morgan, 59–83. University of Texas Press, 2003.

Ross, Bertrall L., and Douglas M. Spencer. “Passive Voter Suppression: Campaign Mobilization and the

Effective Disfranchisement of the Poor.” Northwestern University Law Review 114, no. 3 (2019): 633–703.

Smith, Peter H. Democracy in Latin America: Political Change in Comparative Perspective. New York:

Oxford University Press, 2017.

Taylor, Astra, dir. What is Democracy? National Film Board of Canada, 2018.

Tranjan, J. Ricardo. Participatory Democracy in Brazil Socioeconomic and Political Origins. Notre Dame,

IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2016.

Wolin, Sheldon S. Fugitive Democracy: and Other Essays. Edited by Nicholas Xenos. Princeton, NJ:

Princeton University Press, 2018.

Wolin, Sheldon S. “Transgression, Equality, and Voice.” In Demokratia: A Conversation on Democracies,

Ancient and Modern, edited by Josiah Ober and Charles Hedrick, 63-90. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1996.


Wood, Elen Meskins. “Demos versus ‘We the People’: Freedom and Democracy Ancient and Modern.”

In Demokratia: A Conversation on Democracies, Ancient and Modern, edited by Josiah Ober and Charles Hedrick, 121–38. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1996.

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